Windows vs. Linux (most used) Commands:

Main Pg

SNo.

Windows

Linux

Description

1.

dir

ls -l

Directory listing

2.

ren

mv

Rename a file

3.

copy

cp

Copying a file

4.

move

mv

Moving a file

5.

cls

clear

Clear Screen

6.

del

rm

Delete file

7.

fc

diff

Compare contents of files

8.

find

grep

Search for a string in a file

9.

command /?

man command

Display the manual/help details of the command

10.

chdir

pwd

Returns your current directory location

11.

time

date

Displays the time

12.

cd

cd

Change the current directory

13.

md

mkdir

To create a new directory/folder

14.

echo

echo

To print something on the screen

15.

edit

vim(depends on editor)

To write in to files.

16.

exit

exit

To leave the terminal/command window.

17.

format

mke2fs or mformat

To format a drive/partition.

18.

free

mem

To display free space.

19.

rmdir

rm -rf/rmdir

To delete a directory.

20.

taskkill

kill

To kill a task.

21.

tasklist

ps x

To list running tasks.

22.

set var=value

export var=value

To set environment variables.

23.

attrib

chown/chmod

To change file permissions.

24.

tracert

traceroute

To print the route packets trace to network host.

25.

at

cron

daemon to execute scheduled commands.

26.

type

cat

To print contents of a file.

27.

ping

ping

To send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network hosts.

28.

nslookup

nslookup

To query Internet name servers interactively.

29.

chdisk

du -s

For disk usage.

30.

tree

ls -R

To list directory recursively.